Archive for March 9th, 2011

Dead Hearts

by Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah

While thousands of Muslims are killed all over the world, and while tens of thousands are imprisoned and tortured for calling to the path of Allah and for enjoining the good and forbidding the evil, most Muslims remain remarkably silent and have no worry except for the material things of life. Their hearts have been filled with the love of this life and the forgetfulness of the Hereafter.

Allah says in the Qur’an: “You will indeed find them, of all people, most greedy of life, even more than those who do not believe in Resurrection. Each one of them wishes he could be given a life of a thousand years. But the grant of such life will not save him even a little from due punishment. For Allah sees well all that they do” (Al Baqarah, 2:96).

Many Muslims today have become so much attached to their life that their desire is to dwell among their family, house, money and commerce. They have forgotten that matters of the Hereafter should come before matters of this life and that we must strive to follow the orders of Allah, not just those we find easy and convenient to follow. Some Muslims today claim that it is better to perform extra prayers and extra fasting rather than enjoin the good and forbid the evil or defend the lives of weak Muslims. Such people would even blame the Muslims who strive to perform these obligations.

This is what Ibn al-Qayyim had to say about such people: ”The Shaitan has misled most people by beautifying for them the performance of certain voluntary acts of worship such as voluntary prayers and voluntary fasting while neglecting other obligatory acts of worship such as enjoining the good and eradicating the evil, to the extent that they do not even make the intention of performing them whenever they are able to. Such people are considered by the scholars to be on the bottom of the scale of religion: For the essence of our religion is to perform what Allah ordered us to do. The one who does not perform his obligations is actually worse than the one who performs sins. Anyone having some knowledge about the revelation of Allah, the guidance of the Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, and the life of the companions would conclude that those who are pointed at today as the most pious people are in fact the least pious. Indeed, what kind of piety is there in a person who witnesses Allah’s sanctities being violated, his religion abandoned, the Sunnah of His Messenger shunned, and yet remains still with a cold heart and a shut mouth’ Such a person is like a dumb Shaitan! In the same way the one who talks falsehood is a speaking Shaitan. Isn’t the misfortune of Islam due only to those who whenever their life and food are secure, would not care about what happens to the religion? The best among them would offer a sorry face. But if they were challenged in one of the things their heart is attached to like their money, they would spare no efforts to get it back. These people, besides deserving the anger of Allah, are afflicted with the greatest calamity without even knowing it: They have a dead heart. Indeed the more alive a person’s heart is, the stronger its anger for the sake of Allah and the more complete his support to Islam and Muslims.”

(A’alaam al-Muwaqqi’een, volume 2, page 176).


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Tafseer Aayatul-Kursi

Author: The Eminent Qur’anic Sciences Scholar: Imaam Abdur Rahman As Sa’dee (rahimahuAllah)

Source: Tayseer Al-Kareem

Ar-Rahmaan and his commentary on Al-Aqeedah Al-Waasitiyyah

Compiled and Translated: Zaid Lites

The Messenger of Allah (may Allah send peace and blessings upon him) informed us that the following verse- Aayatul-Kursi- is the greatest verse of the Qur’an, due to the splendid meanings it comprises of:  The many attributes of Allah, The Exalted Inventor  of all things  (Al Baaree Ta’aala). Tawheed: completely singling out Allah, alone, without any partners, in all acts of worship.  Allah says: 

Allah-there is no deity worthy of worship except Him, “Al-Hayy”:  The Ever-Living, “Al-Qayyoom”:  The Sustainer of all existence.  Neither drowsiness nor sleep overtakes Him.  To Him belongs whatever is in the  heavens and whatever is on earth.  Who is it that can intercede with Him, except by His permission?!  He knows what lies ahead of them  and what is behind them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge, except for that which He wills.  His kursi extends over the heavens and earth, and their preservation does not tire Him.  And He is The Most High, The Most Great.  [al-Baqarah, 2:255]

In this verse, Allah informs us that He is  “Allah”:  Meaning, The One to whom belongs worship, in all its senses.  None deserves divinity nor to be worshiped except Him.  Therefore, deifying and worshipping other than Allah is futile and absurd. He is “Al-Hayy” :  The Ever-Living :  To whom belongs all of the qualities of perfect life; including perfection in hearing, vision, ability, will, might, knowledge, wisdom, mercy, and other  proper attributes relating to His essence. He is  “Al-Qayyoom”:  The Sustainer, Who is independent and free of any need of His creation.  He sustains all of existence.  He originated everything into existence, maintained and provided everything with sustenance, and all the necessities for existence and survival.  Allah’s name:   “Al-Hayy” indicates all of Allah’s attributes relating to His essence, while, “Al-Qayyoom” entails all of His attributes describing His actions. Thus, all of His lofty attributes refer back to these two beautiful names. Hence, it is narrated that “Al-Hayy, Al-Qayyoom” is the greatest name, which if Allah is invoked by, He answers, and if requested by, He grants.   Due to His perfect qualities of life and sustainment, “Neither drowsiness nor sleep overtakes Him.” Drowsiness and sleep only occur in the creation, which experiences weakness, exhaustion, and inability, and does not apply to the One of magnificence, greatness, and splendor!   He informs us that He is The Owner of everything that is within the heavens and earth.  So everything is a possessed slave of Allah.  None can depart from this state.

“There is none in the heavens and earth, except that it comes to the Most Merciful as a slave.”  [Maryam, 19:93]So He is The Owner of all sovereignties.  And He is The One, to whom belongs the attributes of dominion, authority, reign, majesty, and management of universal affairs.  Through His supreme rule and authority; none can intercede with Him, except by His permission.  All of the notable and distinguished interceders are slaves belonging to Him. None can proceed with intercession, until He permits them:

“Say:  To Allah belongs all intercession.  To Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and earth…” [Az-Zumar, 39:44] Allah does not allow anyone to intercede, except intercession for one He is pleased with.  And Allah is not pleased, except with the implementation of: o Tawheed:  completely singling out Allah, alone, without any partners, in all acts of worship.  o Following all of His Messengers. Therefore, whomsoever this does not apply to is not entitled any share of intercession.  Allah has negated intercession for those who worship others besides Him.  They seek intercession from others besides Allah, and without His permission. Their intercession is futile. Then Allah informs us of His unlimited, all-encompassing knowledge.  He knows what awaits the creation of infinite future events, as well as “what is   behind them”, of unlimited past affairs.  No concealed thing is hidden from Him:

“He knows that which deceives the eyes and what the breast conceal.”   [Ghaafir, 40:19] None of the creation can encompass anything of Allah’s knowledge and information, “except for what He wills”, i.e., what He has disclosed to them, by different means, including prescribed and legislative affairs.  Yet, this in its entirety, still amounts to nothing, with respect to the knowledge and information of The Inventor (Allah).  This is affirmed by the most knowledgeable of Allah, amongst His creation; the messengers and angels.  They said (as Allah has informed us):

“Exalted are You!  We have no knowledge, except what You have taught us.” [al-Baqarah, 2:32] Allah then informs us of His greatness and magnificence, and that “His kursi extends over the heavens and earth”, and that He maintains the heavens and earth, and all of its inhabitants, by means of causation and universal orders, which He has placed in the creation.  This describes Allah’s grace upon His creation:  He has created the heavens and earth for them, and everything within it, as well as maintained it and preserved it from destruction.  He has governed it by an amazing system of universal laws, having countless benefits.  All of this, while; “its preservation does not tire or burden Him”, due to the perfection of His greatness, ability, and His abundant wisdom in His ordinances.

“And He is The Most High” He is the absolute Most High, in all senses:  The Most High in His essence; above all of His creation, having risen over the Throne.  The Most High by the exaltedness and greatness of His attributes and status:  To Him belongs every perfect attribute of excellence.  The Most High by His subjugation of the creation:   All of existence submits to Him.  Even the stubborn and obstinate are subdued to His subjugation. And He is “The Most Great”: He is the possessor of all the qualities of greatness, magnificence, nobility, and splendor:  The One whom the hearts love, and the souls glorify.  The hearts of His prophets, angels, and allies are in complete glorification of His Majesty.  There is none greater than Him!  Those of knowledge and acquaintance recognize that the greatness of anything and everything, even if it surpassed eminence and was considered indescribable, is still nothing compared to the greatness of The Most High, Most Great! Clearly, this verse, which is comprised of such extraordinary meanings, entitles it to be the greatest verse of the Qur’an.  The heart of one who reads it in contemplation and reflection- while comprehending its meanings- deserves to be filled with certainty, acknowledgement, and Eemaan (Faith).  Furthermore, by that, he/she will be safeguarded from the evil of Satan.

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