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Archive for November, 2010

By Brother Sayed Haaris Ahmed.

 

Bismillah ir rahmaan ir raheem

Alhamdulillah was salaat was salaam ala Rasul illah

Dear Muslim brothers and sisters,

Assalaam Alaykum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuhu

And may you have a very blessed Eid along with your family, friends and loved ones.  And I ask Allah to lighten the burdens of those Muslims who are experiencing hardships.  May Allah provide for them an exit out of their difficulty,  Aameen.  Lately this ummah has been experiencing so much trials and tribulations that to some it might seem that there is no way out nor any relief for the Muslims.  But Know, O dear reader, that Allah has said (trans.) “Indeed, there is ease with hardship. Most certainly, there is ease with hardship.” (94:5,6).  So do not lose hope in the Mercy of Allah or in the Promise of Allah to provide aid to the Believers in this world and in the Hereafter.  Instead try to ponder over the possible reasons behind these hardships that have befallen this Ummah.  What does Allah want us to do and what does He want us to refrain from.  Allah said (trans.) “We shall certainly have them taste some chastisement in this world in addition to the greater chastisement (of the Hereafter); perhaps they will retract (from their transgression).” (32:21).  So Allah has promised us that sometimes Allah will punish a people a portion of the punishment rather than the full punishment so that they may take heed and return to Allah through obeying Him.  And this is from His mercy that He gives the sinners who deserve the full punishment the chance to repent and return to His obedience.

In one of the relatively few places in the Qur’aan where Allah has threatened the Believers with a grievous penalty, Allah says (trans.):

If you do not march forth, Allah will chastise you grievously and will replace you by another people, while you will in no way be able to harm Him. Allah has power over everything.” (9:39). This letter is not a call to invite people to march forth.  For those who have marched forth have already gone far ahead, while those who are preparing to follow in their footsteps are already well determined.   For Indeed it is Allah Himself who chooses those whom He wants to tread upon His path and those whom He wants to stay behind–All from His Wisdom and Justice.  Allah guides whom He wills and He misguides whom He wills.  This letter is for those of us who have been left behind, so that we may do our part in having the wrath of Allah and His punishment lifted from us and for the Muslim Ummah to be granted relief, aid, and victory.

All praises are due to Allah who granted us sinners hope through the example of those three companions who stayed behind the expedition of Tabuk even though their Imaan (faith) was sincere.  Allah delayed accepting their repentance and turning to them with forgiveness as an expiation and trial for them.  They were tested for their sincerity during the 50 days that Allah delayed the decision regarding them with a severe test, as Allah described their condition as (trans.):

“And He also relented towards the three whose cases had been deferred. When the Earth, for all its spaciousness, became constrained to them, and their own beings became a burden to them, and they realized that there was no refuge for them from Allah except in Him; He relented towards them that they may turn back to Him. Surely, it is Allah Who is Tawwaab (Much Forgiving), Raheem (Ever Merciful).” (9:118).

We too have a chance that if we ask for forgiveness and repent to Allah, then Allah will turn to us with His forgiveness and Mercy and remove the hardships afflicting the Muslims–collectively and individually.  Because when sins and oppressions become rampant and committed in public in a community, Allah’s punishment descends and engulfs all of community except the few whom Allah wishes.  And then the people will be raised up upon their intentions.  Allah has warned us that (trans.) “And guard against the fitna (mischief) that will not only bring punishment to the wrong-doers among you. Know well that Allah is severe in punishment. (8:25).  Our sins may not only be harming us, but also causing Allah’s punishment to descend upon us in such a way that those around us are also affected and harmed to some degree.  So it is our duty to ask for forgiveness and repent to Allah not only for ourselves but also for the benefit of the people around us and the ummah in general.  And the sins of the mankind are what cause the corruption to descend upon this Earth and on the waters.  Allah has said (trans.): “Evil has become rife on the land and at sea because of men’s deeds; this in order that He may cause them to have a taste of some of their deeds; perhaps they will turn back (from evil).” (30:41). So it is just a reminder for myself and the rest of the Muslims of the importance of repenting to Allah as Allah has said (trans.) ” … O Believers, turn all together towards Allah: it is expected that you will attain true success” (24:31).

In this ayah, Allah linked our repenting to Allah collectively to our attainment of success.

While for asking for forgiveness is linked to the removal of hardships and trials, as mentioned in a hadith by Imaam Aboo Dawood and Ibn Majah on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas (ra) that the Prophet (SAW) said (trans.):

“Whosoever steadfastly and continuously clings to Istighfaar (asking for forgiveness), Allah will make for him a way out of every distress and relief from every anxiety, and will provide for him sustenance from where he did not reckon.”

So  Istigfaar (asking for forgiveness) is the means to the lightening of our trials and tribulations, while Taubah (repentence) is the means to attaining success and bliss.  In this letter I will just mention some of the virtues and benefits that have been promised to those who ask for forgiveness and repent to Allah often InshaAllah.  I will keep it brief and to the point so as not to take too much of the respected reader’s time.

Allah has sent the messenger with the following message and promised (trans.): “That you may seek forgiveness of your Lord and turn to Him in repentance whereupon He will grant you a fair enjoyment of life (Mata’aan Hasana) until an appointed term, and will bestow favor (fadl) on everyone who merits favor. But should you turn away (from the truth), I fear for you the chastisement of an Awesome Day.” (11:3).

Allah has promised two things for those who ask for forgiveness and repent to Him in this ayah.  Mata’aan Hasana which is translated as fair enjoyment until a term appointed, which is generally understood to be goodness in the world, and Fadl which is translated as favor, which is understood as referring to His blessing in the Hereafter.  And we now turn to other places in the Qur’aan to get a better understanding of these words and what kind of blessings they include.

Allah said, mentioning to us the du’a and complaint of Prophet Nuuh (as) to Allah as:(trans.):  “I said to them: “Ask forgiveness from your Lord; surely He is Ghaffaar (Most Forgiving); He will shower upon you torrents from heaven; and will provide you with wealth and children, and will bestow upon you gardens and rivers. ” (71:10-12).

And Allah informed us of the message of Prophet Hood (AS) to his people, as (trans.):

My people! Ask your Lord for forgiveness and turn to Him in repentance. He will shower abundant rains upon you from the heaven, and will add strength to your strength. Do not turn away as those given to guilt’ ” (11:52).

These are some of the meanings that fall under “Mata’an Hasana” which was translated as “fair enjoyment”.  But another meaning of this phrase is the arrival of Nasr (aid and succor) of Allah in this world.  In surah An- Nuur (24), in which Allah has commanded the Believers to repent to Allah collectively, Allah promised the Believers Tamkeen (establishment) and Khilafah (succession to rule) in this world.  He said (trans.):

“Allah has promised, to those among you who believe and work righteous deeds that He will, of a surety, grant them in the land inheritance, as He granted it to those before them; that He will establish in authority their religion–the one which He has chosen for them; and that He will change (their state), after the fear in which they (lived), to one of security and peace.  They will worship Me and not associate aught with me.  If any do reject faith after this they are rebellious and wicked” (24:55).

And in Surah Ghaafir (40), Allah (SWT) has said (trans.) :

Surely We shall help Our Messengers and the believers in the life of this world and on the Day when witnesses will rise to testify ” (40:51).  After Allah makes this promise of aid (Nasr) to the Messengers and the Believers in this world as well as the hereafter, Allah commands His Prophet (SAW) as such (trans.):  “Be steadfast, then, (O Prophet), Allah’s promise is true. Seek forgiveness for your shortcomings, and celebrate the praises of your Lord, evening and morning” (40:55).

And in this is a lesson for the believers.  If Allah (SWT) commanded His Prophet to ask for forgiveness, even though Allah had protected from sins and had already forgiven his mistakes and shortcomings, then how much more are we in need of asking for forgiveness?  The Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be on him, told his companions: “By Allah, I ask for forgiveness from Allah and repent to Him in a day more than seventy times” (Al-Bhukhaaree).

 

Through constantly asking for forgiveness from Allah, Allah’s punishment is averted, as Allah has said (trans.):  “ But Allah was not to chastise them while you are in their midst; nor was Allah going to chastise them while they sought His forgiveness” (8:33).

In fact, mankind’s need for forgiveness is so great yet they are so heedless of this need and are not fulfilling its rights, that Allah (SWT) has appointed angels to the task of asking for forgiveness for the people of the Earth so that the Heavens and the Earth are not destroyed due to Allah’s punishment for the sins of mankind.  Our Lord–The Most Merciful of all those who show mercy–has informed us (trans.):

The angels that bear the Throne and those that are around to extol your Lord’s glory with His praise, they believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for the believers, saying: “Our Lord! You encompass everything with Your Mercy and Knowledge. So forgive those that repent and follow Your Path, and guard them against the chastisement of Hell” (40:7).

 

And “The heavens may well nigh rend asunder from above while the angels proclaim the praise of their Lord and ask forgiveness for those on Earth. Lo, it is Allah, and He alone, Who is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful” (42:5).

 

All of the above mentioned benefits were included in the phrase which was translated as ” fair enjoyment of life until an appointed term” in the ayah of Surah Hood which was mentioned in the beginning of the essay.  As for the phrase which was translated as “favor” may include the blessings of the Hereafter and non materialistic value, which are far more valuable.  Allah has said (trans.): “Believers, turn to Allah in sincere repentance; maybe your Lord will expunge your evil deeds and admit you to the Gardens beneath which rivers flow. This will be on the Day when Allah will not disgrace the Prophet and those who have embraced faith and are with him; their light will be running before them and on their right hands, and they will say: “Our Lord, perfect for us our light and forgive us. Surely You have power over everything” (66:8).

 

But the greatest of the grace of Allah is the Love of Allah.  And those who ask for forgiveness from Allah and repent to Him will be granted the Love of Allah.  Allah has said (trans.): “Indeed Allah loves those who repent and He loves those who seek to purify themselves” (2:222).

And Allah conveyed to us the speech of Prophet Shu’aib (AS) to his people as (trans.): “And ask for forgiveness from your Lord, then repent to Him.  Indeed my Lord is Merciful (Raheem), Loving Beloved (Waduud)” (11:90).

In this ayah, Allah mentions asking for forgiveness and repenting to Him with His names Raheem and Waduud., so as to indicate that His Mercy and Love are linked to the slaves’ asking for forgiveness and repenting to Him.

And Allah said (trans.):

“And He is Forgiving (Ghafoor), Loving Beloved (Waduud)” (85:14).

In this ayah, He linked his attributes of forgiveness and His Love by mentioning His names Ghafoor with the name Waduud.

So who amongst those who believe in Allah and claim to Love Him does not want to acquire the Love of Allah?

And even if after all these blessings that are promised for those who asking forgiveness from Allah and repent to Him, if someone rejects and turns away from that, then he deserves the severest of punishments.

It is narrated that the Prophet (SAW) was asked regarding ‘Abdullah bin Jad’aan, that he used to entertain the guest, free the slaves and give charity.  So will that benefit him on the Day of Resurrection?  He (SAW) replied: “No! He never said on any say: ‘O my Lord forgive me my faults on the Day of Judgment’ ”  (Muslim.  quoted in “saheeh seeratun nabawiyyah of Ibn Katheer” by Naasir al Deen al Albaanee, pg 26).

 

So O Believers in Allah, O seekers of Allah’s Face and Mercy, O Ummah of the Prophet of Forgiveness, ask for forgiveness for yourselves and those before you and those around you.  Allah has mentioned one of the qualities of those Believers who come after the time of the companions as being (trans.): “And those who came after them say: O Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who came before us (preceded and advanced us) into the faith. And leave not, in our hearts, rancor and grudge against those who have Believed.  Our Lord! You are indeed full of Kindness (Ra’oof), Most Merciful (Raheem)” (59:10).

 

If we ask Allah for forgiveness sincerely and often then Allah will lift the tribulations from this Ummah, ease its hardships and release it from its trials.  And if we repent to Him sincerely and collectively, by avoiding His disobedience and through His obedience, then He will grant us His Nasr (Aid) and Fath (victory) like He did to the first generations of this ummah.  And my brothers and sisters in faith, remember to never lose grip of this firm handhold of the remembrance of Allah, asking for forgiveness and repenting to Allah until you meet your Lord, and do not neglect it even when you see the aid and victory of Allah approaching, but rather increase it many fold.  As Allah told His Prophet (SAW) at the conquest of Makkah (trans.):

 

When the help comes from Allah, and victory (is granted), and you see people entering Allah’s religion in multitudes, then extol the praise (Hamd) of your Lord and pray to Him for forgiveness. For He indeed is ever disposed to accept repentance (Tawwaab)” (Surah 110).

 

I write these words of mine, and any good that is therein is from Allah.  And any shortcoming and mistakes are from me and shaytaan.  And I seek the forgiveness of Allah for myself and for you and for the rest of the Muslims.  I leave you with the speech of Prpphet Shu’aib (AS) as he addressed his ummah, as mentioned in the Qur’aan by Allah (trans.):

“…I desire nothing but to set things right (Sulh) as far as I can. My succor (Taufeeq) is only with Allah. In Him have I put my trust, and to Him do I always turn.” (11:88).

Wasalaam Alykum wa Rahmatullah wa Barakaatuhu.

Seeker of Allah’s Mercy and in desperate need of His Forgiveness,

S. Haarith Ahmed

28th Dhul Qa’adaah 1431H

November 5th,  2010

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Ibnul-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy upon him) said in At-Turuq Al-Hakeemah (1/406-408):
And from that, is that it is obligatory upon the ruler to prevent the mixing of men and women in the marketplaces, (public) areas and gatherings of men. Maalik (may Allah have mercy upon him and be pleased with him) said: “I hold that it is for the Imaam to give priority to scrutinizing the goldsmiths (who are) sitting in the gatherings of women. And I hold that he should not leave the young woman to sit with the goldsmiths. As for the woman of high rank and the man who is a lowly servant, (the woman) having no (reason to have) concern for the gathering and he (the servant) does not care who sits with him, then I do not see a prohibitive problem with that.”
The Imaam will be asked about that; and the fitnah in it is great. He (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “I have not left behind a fitnah more harmful upon the men than women.” And in another Hadeeth: “Separate the men and women.” And in another Hadeeth, he said to the women: “You should be on the outer borders of the path.”
It is obligatory upon him (the ruler) to prevent the women from going out beautified and wearing make-up.  And he must prevent them from wearing clothing in which they are Kaasyaat ‘Aariyaat (Clothed but Naked at the same time); such as clothing that is loose and flimsy. He should prevent them from speaking to men in the streets and he should (likewise) prevent the men from that. And if the ruler sees that it causes corruption to the woman that she, adorns herself with makeup, beautifies herself or her clothing with dye or the likes, then some of the jurists have permitted with regards to that, and they were correct, that he may confine the woman (to her home) if she frequently goes out of her house; and that is the least of the monetary punishments; especially if she goes out wearing make-up. Rather, silent agreement of the women upon that is considered to be aiding in sin and disobedience; and Allah will question the ruler concerning that. The Chief of the Believers, ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattaab (may Allah be pleased with him), prevented the women from walking in the pathways of men and mixing with them in the streets. So it is upon the ruler to follow his example in that.
Al-Khallaal said in his Al-Jaami’: “Muhammad ibn Yahyaa Al-Kahhaal informed me that he told my father, ‘Abdullah, ‘I see the evil man with the woman (i.e. I see that it is the evil man who mixes freely with women)’ He said: He has spoken correctly with it (this statement).’ And the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) informed me (Thus as is in Ash-Shaamilah) that the woman who perfumes herself and goes out of her house is a fornicatress. And he forbade the woman from attending Salatul-‘Ishaa in the Masjid if she has scented herself with incense.”
The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “When the woman goes out the Shaytaan accompanies her.” There is no doubt that allowing for the women to mix freely with the men is the origin of every trial and evil; and it is from the greatest reasons for the descending of punishment which is general (encompassing everyone) just as it is from the reasons for corruption of the general and specific affairs. Mixing between men and women is the reason for increase of Fawaahish (lewdness) and fornication; and it is from the reasons for general death and contagious diseases. When the prostitutes mixed with the hosts of Moosaa and began to commit acts of Faahishah (prostitution) amongst them, Allah sent the diseases to them so that in one day 70,000 people died. And the story is well known in the books of tafseer.
So from the greatest reasons for general death is the abundance of az-Zinaa (fornication) brought about by allowing women to mix freely with men and walk amongst them beautified wearing make-up. If the rulers knew what that contained from corruption of the Dunyaa and the people under their custody with regards to the religion, then they would be the most stern in the prevention of that.
‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “When az-Zinaa spreads in a village then Allah permits its destruction.”
Ibn Abid-Dunyaa said: Ibraheem ibnul-Ash’ab told us: ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Zayd al-‘Amaa told us, on the authority of his father, from Sa’eed ibn Jubayr, from Ibn ‘Abbaas who said: Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “A people have never shorted (others) in their measurements nor reduced their weights except that Allah ‘Azz wa Jal has prevented them from expansion. And fornication has not spread amongst a people except that death has spread amongst them (as well). And the act of the people of Loot has not appeared amongst a people except that ignominy spreads amongst them. And a people have not abandoned commanding the good and forbidding the evil except that their actions are not raised up (to Allah) and their supplications are not responded to.”
And may prayers and peace from Allah be upon his Prophet Muhammad, his family and companions.
Translated by: Raha  ‘Azeezuddeen Batts

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Imam ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullah said:

“Anyone whose heart is attached to the creation, hoping for someone from the creation to help him or provide for him or guide him, then his heart submits to them and to the degree that his heart submits to them, he becomes their slave. This holds true, even if he is outwardly a ruler or guardian over those whom he treats as masters. The wise one looks at realities and not at appearances. So if a man’s heart is attached to his wife, even though that is permissible, his heart remains a prisoner to her and she may rule over him as she pleases – though outwardly he is her master and her husband. In reality, he is her prisoner and her slave, especially if she knows how much he is in need of her and how much he is in love with her and how much he feels she cannot be replaced by anyone else. At that point, she rules over him as the tyrant master rules over his subjugated slave, who cannot escape of go free. Indeed for the heart to be taken as a prisoner is a much greater matter than for the body to be taken as a slave or prisoner. Even a body that is a slave can have in it a serene and peaceful and happy heart. As for the heart that is a slave to other than Allah (the Exalted), then that is true humiliation, imprisonment and slavery.”

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