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Archive for January 6th, 2010

Translated by Yahya Adel Ibrahîm

[ This hadith was transmitted by Sahih Muslim]

http://www.islaam.net/

Ibn ‘Abbâs reports that he once stayed the night as a guest of Maymûna, who was his aunt, and the Prophet, may Allâh bless him and grant him peace. They slept on their blanket lengthways, and he slept at the end, crossways. After they had all slept for a while, the Prophet rose in the middle of the night to pray the tahajjud prayer, and Ibn ‘Abbas joined him.

They both did wudû’, and he prayed eleven rak’ats with the Prophet. Then they both went back to sleep again until dawn. Bilâl called the adhân and the Prophet did another two short rak’ats, before going into the mosque to lead the Dawn Prayer.

Ibn ‘Abbâs said that one of the du’âs that the Prophet made during this night was:

“O Allâh, place light in my heart, light in my tongue, light in my hearing, light in my sight, light behind me, light in front of me, light on my right, light on my left, light above me and light below me; place light in my sinew, in my flesh, in my blood, in my hair and in my skin; place light in my soul and make light abundant for me; make me light and grant me light.”

( وَعَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ { أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلَّى فَجَعَلَ يَقُولُ فِي صَلَاتِهِ أَوْ فِي سُجُودِهِ : اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ فِي قَلْبِي نُورًا , وَفِي سَمْعِي نُورًا , وَفِي بَصَرِي نُورًا , وَعَنْ يَمِينِي نُورًا , وَعَنْ شِمَالِي نُورًا , وَأَمَامِي نُورًا , وَخَلْفِي نُورًا , وَفَوْقِي نُورًا , وَتَحْتِي نُورًا , وَاجْعَلْ لِي نُورًا أَوْ قَالَ : وَاجْعَلْنِي نُورًا } . مُخْتَصَرٌ مِنْ مُسْلِمٍ )

This hadith was transmitted by Muslim and others.

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Allah, the Exalted, says:

“And those who came after them say: `Our Rubb! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith.”’ (59:10)

“And ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) believing men and believing women”. (47:19)

“Our Rubb! Forgive me and my parents, and (all) the believers on the Day when the reckoning will be established.” (14: 41)

1494. Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Whenever a Muslim supplicates for his (Muslim) brother in his absence, the angels say: `May the same be for you too’.”
[Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith makes it evident that one who prays for someone in his absence also stands to benefit from it because the angel appointed for the task of praying for those who pray for others will pray for him, saying, “O Allah! Grant him also the same which he has asked for others.”

1495. Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The supplication of a Muslim for his (Muslim) brother in his absence will certainly be answered. Everytime he makes a supplication for good for his brother, the angel appointed for this particular task says: `A meen! May it be for you, too’.”
[Muslim].

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From Tafseer lecture notes given at Omm Al Qura University, Makkah 1993

“In the name of Allah”–The small boy takes his glass of water and says, “Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem”. The surgeon, before performing an operation says, “Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem”. The teacher, before starting a lesson says, “Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem”. The words are simple but the meaning is great. Allah has said, “And for Allah are the best names.” There are many interesting grammatical facets for the explanation in Arabic of the Basmallah which we will not mention in this particular article, but one point is interesting to note: the “ba” in Bismillah is related to a verb that is understood or implied at the time the person is saying it. That is, when one is about to read Quran or other worthy works, when he says “Bismillah” he means “I am reading with the help of the name Allah”. And the writer, when he takes pen in hand and says, “Bismillah” is saying in effect, “I am writing with the help of the Name of Allah”. Likewise, one who is about to eat, when he takes the food and says “Bismillah”, means, “I am eatingwith the help of the name of Allah and so on with every person performing an act or deed is doing so with the help of the name of Allah- eating, drinking, sleeping, entering a building, performing an operation, taking an examination, performing marital duties, etc. And of course, by saying this we not only receive Allah’s help but also get blessings for the act which is being performed. And in addition to that, if we do not say it, then our action or deed is considered incomplete. Prophet Muhammed, peace be unto him, said: “Every act of significance not begun with the name of Allah is incomplete and without blessing.” The saying of the Basmallah can also be a source of protection for us as the Messenger, peace be upon him, has also told us to say the name of Allah when we begin to eat because if we do not, then the Shaitan sits and eats with us. If we forget to say it at the outset and remember during the course of the meal (even up to the last bite) we can still say “Bismillah” sending the Shaitan away, losing all that he had gained. An Nasai related that Messenger of Allah, peace be unto him, said: “If your beast of burden stumbles, don’t say ‘may Shaitan be perished’, as that just makes him puff up in pride until he becomes as big as a house and he says that by his own strength he made it happen, but rather say, ‘Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem’, for it makes him become as small as a fly.”

Allah, is the name of the Holy Being –the name of God, the Most High, whose Presence always was and always will be and He has no partners. Another well known authoritative commentator (mufassir), Ibn Kathir said of the name Allah: “Allah” is acknowledgement of the Lord, the Blessed, Most High and it is said it is the greatest name because it describes all of the attributes, as Allah, ta’ala says ” He is Allah, the One Who there is no god other than, the Sovereign, The Holy One, The Source of Peace (and Perfection), The Guardian of Faith, the Preserver of Safety.” Suratul-Hashr, Aya 23 The remaining names in the ayat are considered attributes. “Allah” is a name that no one else is called by — God, The Blessed, Most High. (1)

“Allah” is the greatest of His names, Glory be unto Him and the most composite of them and it is the name of the Being of Truth, the Composite of the divine attributes; there is no God but Him, Glory be to Him. And the majestic name “Allah is not ever given to anyone except the One who is deserving of all worship (2).

The word “Allah” is not a derivative of any other word; it is the name given to the Holy Being, the Blessed, the Most High. No one or nothing shares this with Him and no one else is called that but Him and the word “Allah” is never made dual or plural.

____________________

Footnotes:

1) Ibn Kathir, Tafseer al Qur’an Al Atheem
2) Al Qurtoby: Al Jamie` Al Ahqaam Al Qur’aan

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‘Umar ibn ‘Ata bin Abi Al-Khuwar narrated that Nafi bin Jubair sent him to As-Sa’ib bin Yazid,the maternal nephew of Namir, asking him regarding something Mu’awiyah had seen him do in the prayer. He said: “ I prayed Jum’uah with Mu’awiyah in his enclosure and when he finished, I stood up in my place and prayed. When he went inside he sent for me and said” Do not repeat what you have just done. If you pray Jum’uah don’t join it with another prayer until you speak or exit the masjid. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) ordered us to separate between prayers. One prayer mustn’t be joined with another until you speak or exit.

Collected by Muslim [ 883]

Benefits for this subject:

· Ibn Munthir ( [318 H] may Allah have mercy on him) narrated an athar in his Awsot about this hadeeth from the acts of our Salaf. He wrote, “ Ibn Umar saw a man pray two rakah after Jum’uah and he stopped him. Ibn Umar asked the man,” Are you praying four rakah for Jum’uah!” It was Ibn Umar’s practice to pray the two sunnah prayers for Jum’uah in his home. He said, “ This was the way of our Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) [ Al-Awsot vol 4 /136]

· Shaykh Al-Uthaymeen (may Allah rest him in Firdous ) said “There are numerous lessons derived from this hadeeth.” Some of those lessons are:

1. A person doesn’t join one prayer with another until he speaks between them. No Fard prayer with a Sunnah. On the other hand the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to pray the Nawafil prayers at night in two rakah, two rakah with no separating between them.

2. The shar’iah places importance in differentiating between Fard and Nafil. This hadeeth proves it.

3. It’s mentioned in the hadeeth “ Until you speak” Does making Thikr after prayer suffice as speech, or must it be dialogue ,whereas it’s clear a person isn’t praying?

Answer: It’s apparent from this hadeeth that it must be speech which establishes a person isn’t praying. Whether Thikr or any other act. For example after the prayer a person says to the person next to him As-Salaamu Alaykum, How are you doing? And after that he stands up and offers his Nafil [ Sharh Saheeh Muslim ]

· Al-Muhaadith Muhammad Al-Ameen Al-Hurraree Al-Ethiopee (may Allah preserve him) said,” This hadeeth proves that it’s Sunnah to pray the Nafil prayers in a place other than the place where the Fard prayer is prayed. And the best place for this is in the home.

Otherwise a person can pray it in another spot in the masjid or elsewhere. He does this in order to increase the places he’s made sajdah and separate between Fard and Nafil. The wording “Until you speak” proves that the Fard and Nafil are divided by speech..[ Al-Kawkibal Wahaj wa Rawdal Bahhaj fee Sharhee Saheeh Muslimee ibn Al-Hajjah Vol 10/ 384]

Translator’s comment : Al-Muhaadith Muhammad Al-Ameen Al-Hurraree Al-Ethiopee isn’t the same person as Muhammad Adam Al-Ethiopee. They are two separate scholars in Hadeeth. Many people confuse their names and think that because they share the same first name and are from the same country they are one.

e.g I was at the book fair last night and asked what’s new from Muhammad Adam Al-Ethiopee and the brother showed me Muhammad Al-Ameen’s works.

Translated and compiled by Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Battle.

Doha, Qatar 1431 ©

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